International Society for the Comparative Study of Civilizations
The International Society for the Comparative Study of Civilizations was formally established in 1961 at a meeting in Salzburg, organized by historian Othmar Anderle and attended by fellow historians Arnold J.Toynbee and Rushton Coulborn. Sociologist Pitirim Sorokin was the Society's first president. In 1970 the Society's leadership crossed the Atlantic as Benjamin Nelson became it's first American president.
Under the guidance of anthropologist Roger Wescott; historian Carroll Quigley; political scientist David Wilkinson; literary comparatist Michael Palencia-Roth; sociologists C.P. Wolf, Vytautas Kavolis, Matthew Melko, Benjamin Nelson the ISCSC developed into a dynamic international organization. Although a majority of its members reside in the United States of America, over thirty foreign countries are represented in its membership. The dynamism of the society has been maintained over the years in part through its Annual Meeting and the participation of scholars such as Talcott Parsons, Hayden White, Immanuel Wallerstein, Gordon Hewes, André Gunder Frank, Marshall Sahlins, Lynn White Jr. and Jeremy Sabloff.
The International Society for the Comparative Study of Civilizations is committed to the notion that complex, civilizational problems need diverse, multidisciplinary analyses. Members of the Society come from history, anthropology, sociology, philosophy, psychology, comparative religions, economics, political theory, literary criticism, urban planning, textual analysis, art history, comparative government, comparative literature, science and technology, linguistics, archaeology, architecture, geography, biology, physics and ethnohistory. The Society is affiliated with comparative studies programs worldwide and actively fosters internationalism through its annual meetings and its publications.